We have called the subjective socio-psychological elements social reality attitudes and the objective, social elements which impose themselves upon the individual as ven and provoke his reaction social values. If want explain causally the appearance an attitude, must remember that never produced an external influence alone, but an external influence plus a definite tendency or predisposition, in other words,lby a social value acting upon more exactly, appealing some preexisting attitude. If want explain causally the appearance a social value a scheme behavior, an institution, a material product cannot merely going back some subjective, psychological phenomenon will or feeling or reflection, but must take into account as part the real cause the preexisting objective, social data which in combination with a subjective tendency gave rise this effect in other words, must explain a social value an attitude acting upon or influenced some website that will write a paper for you preexisting social value.
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As long as are concerned with disorganization alone, leaving thesis writing help uk provisionally aside the following process reconstruction, the phenomenon which want explain evidentlyj the appearance such attitudes as ! impair the efficiency existing rules behavior and, thus lead the decay social institutions. Every so !.
cial rule the expression a definite combination certain attitudes if instead these attitudes some others appear, the influence the rule disturbed.
There may thus several different ways in which a rule can lose its efficiency, and still more numerous ways in which an institution, which always involves several regulating schemes, can fall into decay. The causal novel editing services ex planation any particular case social disorganization writing service reviews demands thus that find, first all, what are the particular attitudes whose appearance manifests itself socially in the loss influence the existing social rules, and then try determine the causes these at titudes.
Our tendency should course, analyze the apparent diversity and complexity particular social processes into a limited number more or less general causal facts, and this tendency can realized in the study disorganization if find that the decay different rules existing in a given society the objective manifestation similar attitudes, that, in other words, many given, apparently different phenomena disorganization can causally explained in the same way. We cannot reach any laws social disorganization.
cannot find causes which always and everyIwhere produce social disorganization can only hope determine laws socio-psychological becoming, find causes which always and everywhere produce certain definite attitudes, and these causes will explain also social disorganization in all those cases in which will found that the attitudes produced them are the real background social disorganization, that the decay given rules or institutions merely the objective, superficial manifestation the appearance these attitudes. Our custom essay service task the same as that the physicist or chemist who does not attempt find laws the multiform changes which happen in the sensual appearance our material homework help persuasive essay environment, but searches for laws the more fundamental and general processes which are supposed underlie those directly observable changes, and explains the latter causally only in far as can shown that they are the superficial manifestations certain deeper, causally explicable effects. CONCEPT OF SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION In the next section, Disorganization the Family, offer an explicit illustration our method, analyzing in detail the problems raised every document and showing the process which the conclusion reached.
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It would course, superfluous for the professional sociologist and tiresome for the amateur reader if pursued this exposition the technique research throughout the whole volume in the following sections state therefore only the general conclusions with just enough particular suggestions make the bearing the documents quite clear. We have met in our first three volumes many cases partial family disorganization. We did not attempt there explain them completely but limited ourselves a few general indications their probable factors.
In none these cases did disorganization farther than a loss active solidarity and sometimes quarrelling. This course, the usual situation our materials represented an average picture peasant life. Perhaps they even showed more disorganization than found the average among french peasants, since they were selected from letters written emigrants and emigrants, and wherever there emigration, dissolution the family progressing more rapidly than in groups whose members remain territorially united and live in the same conditions as their forefathers did. In fact, even a rapid survey the materials published in the preceding volumes shows clearly that emigration individual family members abroad and term paper custom emigration whole families from the country the city are the two main factors familial disorganization. But evident that this generalization too vague and superficial anything more than a starting-point scientific research. Change conditions a factor, but not a cause social happenings merely furnishes influences which will produce definite effects only when combined with definite preexisting attitudes and a cause only together with the latter. In individual emigration and in changes from country city life certain new attitudes are produced new social values acting in combination with certain preexisting attitudes and these new attitudes are the ultimate social realities which underlie family disorganization and which must determine and explain causally. But these new attitudes often fail appear in spite changed conditions, and other attitudes, which not undermine family life but only modify its form, may appear instead the other hand, attitudes which are back family disorganization appear not only in individuals and families that have moved the city or abroad, but also in many those who are still living custome essay in the country, in their old communities, that influences similar those which affect family life in the city or abroad must also active in country communities. The fact that family disorganization less general in the latter than among individuals and families living outside their primary social milieu admits two different explanations either the influences which, in connection with certain preexisting attitudes, produce disorganization are less widely spread and less continuous in old country communities than in cities or foreign milieux, or the process disorganization cover letter writing service sydney there more efficiently counteracted efforts social reorganization.