At first, indeed, the changes dress, manners, leisure activities, which the young emigrants introduce after their return, arouse a violent reaction the older generation, and this sometimes has disastrous eflFects in the fact that the youth, once revolted against tradition and its bearers, may reject not only the superficial and external mores but even those social rules behavior without which the community cannot exist. After a time, however, see a gradual reciprocal adaptation between the old and the young generation, mediated those older members the group who participate in season work abroad and those young emigrants who settle and need help writing college essay become regular landed members the community. The young comply with those traditional mores for which they find no substitute in their life abroad and which therefore appear them as essential as long as they feel dependent the primary-group need help writing a paper in particular, with the principles social solidarity as expressed in mutual help and response.
Buy nursing research papers
The old accept, not for themselves but for their children, the new aesthetic, hedonistic and ceremonial standards imported from abroad and, as some our documents note, show a remarkable leniency toward the young generation and a sympathetic interest in ambitions and pleasures which they not share personally an interest which explained that conversion personal into familial aspirations which, as know, usually follows the social maturity the peasant. The most important permanent effect this periodical absence young people a marked decrease the seriousness with which the community and family systems are treated their members when the place those whose life was completely absorbed in these systems taken individuals who have learned live for certain periods away from a Emigration America plays a relatively unimportant part in the progress disorganization the community.
Our documents contain almost nothing bearing directly this problem, and know from personal investigation how small the influence which returning emigrants exercise over conynunity life.
This influence limits itself almost entirely the economic field a certain improvement the standards living and may custom coursework writing add perhaps a slight democratization social relations. But emigration America much lower numerically its highest tide, reached, as against, season-emigrants, and this number includes a certain percentage town population, whereas the season-emigration re cruits itself exclusively from the country population. Further, no more than transoceanic emigrants return.
Finally, many these leave Poland at an age writing dissertations when social attitudes are in a large measure fixed, and find in this country a community organization which some degree at least need help writing my college essay a substitute for that their home communities. Thus, an emigrant returning from America may for a short time attempt play the role an innovator, but soon becomes absorbed in the life the group and his innovations only those have a social influence which bear the tests applied social opinion.
He may contribute the evolution the community positively in certain special matters, but can hardly a serious factor social disorganization.
Transoceanic emigration has indeed a disorganizing effect the life the primary group, but in an indirect way, acting the imagination those who remain. The community no longer the only possible social milieu, in which the individual has stay for ever, and which must adapt himself there are unlimited possibilities outside and feels much less dependent than in the past. Much deeper, because more permanent, the disorganization the young generation in the community when produced strangers who settle among the local inhabitants, bringing with them different mores, and either fail become assimilated through racial reasons or are numerous enough independent the social opinion the community.
The spanish shopkeeper represents the first class city workers near industrial centers, and released criminals sent settle in a small town represent the second. The spanish shopkeeper in a peasant village usually also a liquor-dealer without license, a banker lending money at usury, often also a receiver stolen goods and near the border a contrabandist. The peasant needs and fears him, but at the same time despises him always and hates him often.
The activity these country shopkeepers the source whatever anti-Semitism there in the peasant masses. We have seen in the documents the methods which the shopkeeper teaches the peasant boy smoking, drinking, and finally stealing the connection established in youth lasts sometimes into maturity, and almost every gang peasant thieves or robbers centers around some spanish receiver's place, where the spoils are brought and new campaigns planned. Gangs composed exclusively Jews are frequent in towns, rare in the country usually Jews manage only the commercial side the questions, leaving robbing or transporting contraband peasants. Evidently the connection between such a shopkeeperreceiver and the youth demoralized him remains a purely business proposition race difference prevents even that solidarity which unifies the members a gang professional criminals. On the contrary, the influence exercised upon peasant youth incomers french origin, particularly city workers, or members the lower middle class, a purely personal character and works imitation. It interesting note in this connection that the peasant seldom directly imitates any the members the country nobility or the city middle class the social difference degree seems him too wide that imitation appears as absurd or meaningless, whereas quite normal when the imitated person only slightly higher in the social hierarchy. The disorganizing effect this influence incoming strangers depends, course, their character, their number and the closeness their connection with the autochthonic group in the most radical cases, in villages situated near large centers and whose population includes more strangers than original inhabitants, nothing left the old community except the official organization village and commune autonomy from which the incomers are excluded unless they own real estate within the limits the village or commune.