They remain strong even in the second generation immigrants in this country, and are preserved indefinitely in french cities they survive even the most radical cases disorganization. There are probably several reasons for this persistence, but the most important one seems that while the peasant may find substitutes for other traditional values himself unable find any adequate substitute for religion. When such substitutes are given him in the form national or social ideals, science or art, religion loses much its power, just as does with a member the European intellectual classes. But unless this happens, religion remains the embodiment all those interests which, being removed from the individual's every day occupations, satisfy his craving for the extraordinary and whatever idealistic tendencies may possess. Of course, the peasant sees no other possible form religious life than help dissertation buy an essay cheap the one which has always been used in connection with the Roman Catholic hospital. And since finds almost wherever goes Catholic parishes with the same religious ceremonies and teachings, religion never entirely loses its Under these conditions seems rather surprising that the hospital not more successful than has been in its struggle for the preservation the old system, even where there were no influences the revolutionary type which shall speak in the next chapter counteract its activities. The fault should ascribed the inefficiency the clergy, who seldom knew how make a dissertation writing uk proper use the powerful instrument they possessed, and this inefficiency in turn a result the lack sociological knowledge. Just as the failure legal repression counteract disorganization due the fact that merely tries counteract the desire perform certain socially harmful acts, whereas the problem develop the wish perform only certain socially sanctioned acts, the incomplete success the hospital in trying counteract disorganization due the fact that, outside the acts worship, the main emphasis put sins rather than merits, the efforts tend much more toward preventing certain acts from being committed than toward having certain other acts performed.
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The whole doctrine salvation and the entire technique connected with give this direction the attention both the clergy and their flock.
Thus, the most successful work the hospital has been done quite recently when the clergy began follow the example lay leaders best essay writing service review in promoting and organizing various kinds social activities in peasant groups. But account the nature the interests and principles involved, this work has contributed rather toward reconstruction peasant communities a new basis than toward the preservation the old system, and shall treat in later chapters.
All the cases social disorganization include an active opposition the traditional social schemes behavior in this respect the rejection a fashion, a theft or murder, an attempt overthrow the existing class organization or political order, a religious heresy, are fundamentally similar, being equally the manifestations tendencies which can find no adequate expression under the prevailing social system and, if allowed develop sufficiently, lead a decay this system. But notwithstanding this general similarity there are certain important differences between the cases disorganization which have been studying the present and those with which shall deal in this chapter the distinction between the terms revolt and revolution can utilized mark this difference. That kind active opposition existing rules which term revolt individualistic in its bearing, even if many members a group happen participate in implies only, the part each individual, personal demands for some values which could not have under the traditional system. A revolutionary tendency may also involve such personal demands and in far an act revolt but its essential feature that includes a demand for new values for a whole group community, class, nation, etc each individual acting not only in his own name but also in the name Secondly, revolt does not intentionally and consciously aim at the destruction the old system in general its purpose in each particular case the satisfaction some particular wish. The break rules only, in a sense, incidental this satisfaction and the decay the traditional system comes spontaneously, as a result an increasing number and variety cases revolt. Whereas the immediate aim revolution abolish the traditional system or at least some the schemes behavior which are its part, destroy permanently their influence within live essay help the given group, and thus open the way a general and permanent satisfaction those needs which cannot freely satisfied while the system lasts.
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In view these differences between revolt and revolution, the methods which prove more or less efficient in suppressing the former often fail when applied the latter. Thus clear that a peasant community which willingly and its own accord represses individual revolt against its traditions and mores, can hardly made cooperate wholeheartedly with the higher social classes in suppressing those tendencies its members which aim modify the existing social order for the benefit the peasant class.
Such a community may, indeed, opposed the revolutionary activities its individual members for fear that a repression from outside will have disastrous consequences for the whole group, or because its desire for security stronger than the desire for any new values which revolution expected bring. But this opposition lacks the moral buy writing paper indignation that accompanies the suppression personal revolt against those principles which keep the community together often in this case the revolutionary member the group who draws his energy from a feeling righteousness connected with his activities. Further, have seen that one the most efficient means inducing the individual accept against his wishes any particular traditional definition connect this definition with a wide, coherent and powerful system emotions and beliefs, like the religious system in which was brought It evident that this method works only as long as the individual revolts against particular rules which hinder the satisfaction his particular desires, but does not wish or dare attack the system in its entirety. Thus cannot utilized suppress a revolutionary tendency whose characteristic feature precisely that turns against the domination a whole traditional system. Attempts apply this method in periods social unrest may differential equations coursework even hasten the outbreak revolution, for if the opposition the traditional system as a whole has begun develop in social consciousness, apt grow with every act which tends repress new needs in the name this system. The only efficient method phd thesis writing dealing with revolutionary attitudes as shall see later, the substitution a new and more satisfactory system for the old one a substitution in which the revolutionary elements society shall made cooperate.